Prospective authors are invited to submit full text papers including abstract, keywords, introduction, methodology, result description, tables, figures and references. Full text papers (.doc) may send by e-mail at Paper Template click to download

Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems: Authors’ Instructions for the Preparation of Camera-Ready Contributions

Alfred Hofmann1 Ursula Barth1, Ingrid Beyer1, Christine Günther1, Frank Holzwarth1, Anna Kramer1, and Erika Siebert-Cole1
1 Springer-Verlag, Computer Science Editorial, Tiergartenstr. 17, 69121 Heidelberg, Germany
{Alfred.Hofmann, Ingrid.Beyer, Christine.Guenther, Frank.Holzwarth, Anna.Kramer, Erika.Siebert-Cole, LNNS}
  1. Abstract: The abstract should summarize the contents of the paper and should contain at least 70 and at most 150 words. It should be set in 9-point font size and should be inset 1.0 cm from the right and left margins. There should be two blank (10-point) lines before and after the abstract. This document is in the required format.
  2. Keywords: We would like to encourage you to list your keywords in this section.
  • > Introduction: This instruction file for Word users may be used as a template. Kindly send the final and checked Word and PDF files of your paper to the Contact Volume Editor. This is usually one of the organizers of the conference. You should make sure that the Word and the PDF files are identical and correct and that only one version of your paper is sent. It is not possible to update files at a later stage. Please note that we do not need the printed paper.
  • a. Checking the PDF File: Kindly assure that the Contact Volume Editor is given the name and email address of the contact author for your paper. The Contact Volume Editor uses these details to compile a list for our production department at SPS in India. Once the files have been worked upon, SPS sends a copy of the final pdf of each paper to its contact author. The contact author is asked to check through the final pdf to make sure that no errors have crept in during the transfer or preparation of the files. This should not be seen as an opportunity to update or copyedit the papers, which is not possible due to time constraints. Only errors introduced during the preparation of the files will be corrected.
    This round of checking takes place about two weeks after the files have been sent to the Editorial by the Contact Volume Editor, i.e. roughly seven weeks before the start of the conference for conference proceedings, or seven weeks before the volume leaves the printer’s, for post-proceedings. If SPS does not receive a reply from a particular contact author, within the timeframe given, then it is presumed that the author has found no errors in the paper. The tight publication schedule of LNNS does not allow SPS to send reminders or search for alternative email addresses on the Internet.
    In some cases, it is the Contact Volume Editor that checks all the pdfs. In such cases, the authors are not involved in the checking phase.
  • b. Additional Information Required by the Volume Editor: When sending your final files, please include a readme informing the Contact Volume Editor which of your names is/are your first name(s) and which is/are your family name(s). This is particularly important for Spanish and Chinese names. Authors are listed alphabetically according to their surnames in the author index.
  • c. Copyright Forms: The copyright form may be downloaded from the For Authors section of the LNNS Webpage: Please send your signed copyright form to the Contact Volume Editor, either as a scanned pdf or by fax or by courier. One author may sign on behalf of all the other authors of a particular paper. Digital signatures are acceptable.

  • > Paper Preparation: The printing area is 122 mm × 193 mm. The text should be justified to occupy the full line width, so that the right margin is not ragged, with words hyphenated as appropriate. Please fill pages so that the length of the text is no less than 180 mm, if possible.
    Use 10-point type for the name(s) of the author(s) and 9-point type for the address(es) and the abstract. For the main text, please use 10-point type and single-line spacing. We recommend the use of Computer Modern Roman or Times. Italic type may be used to emphasize words in running text. Bold type and underlining should be avoided.
    Papers not complying with the LNNS style will be reformatted. This can lead to an increase in the overall number of pages. We would therefore urge you not to squash your paper.

  • > Headings: Headings should be capitalized (i.e., nouns, verbs, and all other words except articles, prepositions, and conjunctions should be set with an initial capital) and should, with the exception of the title, be aligned to the left. Words joined by a hyphen are subject to a special rule. If the first word can stand alone, the second word should be capitalized. The font sizes are given in Table 1.
    Here are some examples of headings: "Criteria to Disprove Context-Freeness of Collage Languages", "On Correcting the Intrusion of Tracing Non-deterministic Programs by Software", "A User-Friendly and Extendable Data Distribution System", "Multi-flip Networks: Parallelizing GenSAT", "Self-determinations of Man".
  • Table 1. Font sizes of headings. Table captions should always be positioned above the tables.
  • Heading level Example Font size and style
    Title (centered) Lecture Notes … 14 point, bold
    1st-level heading 1 Introduction 12 point, bold
    2nd-level heading 2.1 Printing Area 10 point, bold
    3rd-level heading Headings. Text follows … 10 point, bold
    4th-level heading Remark. Text follows … 10 point, italic
  • Lemmas, Propositions, and Theorems. The numbers accorded to lemmas, propositions, and theorems, etc. should appear in consecutive order, starting with Lemma 1, and not, for example, with Lemma 11.
  • a. Figures: Please check that the lines in line drawings are not interrupted and have a constant width. Grids and details within the figures must be clearly legible and may not be written one on top of the other. Line drawings should have a resolution of at least 800 dpi (preferably 1200 dpi). The lettering in figures should have a height of 2 mm (10-point type). Figures should be numbered and should have a caption which should always be positioned under the figures, in contrast to the caption belonging to a table, which should always appear above the table. Please center the captions between the margins and set them in 9-point type (Fig. 1 shows an example). The distance between text and figure should be about 8 mm, the distance between figure and caption about 6 mm.
    To ensure that the reproduction of your illustrations is of a reasonable quality, we advise against the use of shading. The contrast should be as pronounced as possible.
    If screenshots are necessary, please make sure that you are happy with the print quality before you send the files.
    Remark 1. In the printed volumes, illustrations are generally black and white (halftones), and only in exceptional cases, and if the author is prepared to cover the extra costs involved, are colored pictures accepted. Colored pictures are welcome in the electronic version free of charge. If you send colored figures that are to be printed in black and white, please make sure that they really are legible in black and white. Some colors show up very poorly when printed in black and white.
  • Fig. 1: One kernel at xs (dotted kernel) or two kernels at xi and xj (left and right) lead to the same summed estimate at xs. This shows a figure consisting of different types of lines. Elements of the figure described in the caption should be set in italics, in parentheses, as shown in this sample caption.
  • 2.2 Formulas: Displayed equations or formulas are centered and set on a separate line (with an extra line or halfline space above and below). Displayed expressions should be numbered for reference. The numbers should be consecutive within each section or within the contribution, with numbers enclosed in parentheses and set on the right margin.
  • x + y = z .(1)
  • Please punctuate a displayed equation in the same way as ordinary text but with a small space before the end punctuation.
  • 2.3 Footnotes: The superscript numeral used to refer to a footnote appears in the text either directly after the word to be discussed or – in relation to a phrase or a sentence – following the punctuation mark (comma, semicolon, or period). Footnotes should appear at the bottom of the normal text area, with a line of about 5cm set immediately above them .
  • 2.4 Program Code:
    Program listings or program commands in the text are normally set in typewriter font, e.g., CMTT10 or Courier.
    Example of a Computer Program from Jensen K., Wirth N. (1991) Pascal user manual and report. Springer, New York
    program Inflation (Output)
    {Assuming annual inflation rates of 7%, 8%, and
    10%,... years};
    const MaxYears = 10;
    var Year: 0..MaxYears;
    Factor1, Factor2, Factor3: Real;
    Year := 0;
    Factor1 := 1.0; Factor2 := 1.0; Factor3 := 1.0;
    WriteLn('Year 7% 8% 10%'); WriteLn;
    Year := Year + 1;
    Factor1 := Factor1 * 1.07;
    Factor2 := Factor2 * 1.08;
    Factor3 := Factor3 * 1.10;
    until Year = MaxYears
  • 2.5 Citations: The list of references is headed “References” and is not assigned a number. The list should be set in small print and placed at the end of your contribution, in front of the appendix, if one exists. Please do not insert a pagebreak before the list of references if the page is not completely filled. An example is given at the end of this information sheet. For citations in the text please use square brackets and consecutive numbers: [1], [2], [3], etc.

    The footnote numeral is set flush left and the text follows with the usual word spacing.
  • 2.6 Page Numbering and Running Heads:
    There is no need to include page numbers. If your paper title is too long to serve as a running head, it will be shortened. Your suggestion as to how to shorten it would be most welcome.

  • 3 LNNS Online:
    The online version of the volume will be available in LNNS Online. Members of institutes subscribing to the Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems series have access to all the pdfs of all the online publications. Non-subscribers can only read as far as the abstracts. If they try to go beyond this point, they are automatically asked, whether they would like to order the pdf, and are given instructions as to how to do so.
  • 5 Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems:
    The Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems volumes are sent to ISI for inclusion in their Science Citation Index Expanded.
    Acknowledgments. The heading should be treated as a 3rd level heading and should not be assigned a number.
  • References:
    1. Baldonado, M., Chang, C.-C.K., Gravano, L., Paepcke, A.: The Stanford Digital Library Metadata Architecture. Int. J. Digit. Libr. 1 (1997) 108–121
    2. Bruce, K.B., Cardelli, L., Pierce, B.C.: Comparing Object Encodings. In: Abadi, M., Ito, T. (eds.): Theoretical Aspects of Computer Software. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 1281. Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg New York (1997) 415–438
    3. van Leeuwen, J. (ed.): Computer Science Today. Recent Trends and Developments. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 1000. Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg New York (1995)
    4. Michalewicz, Z.: Genetic Algorithms + Data Structures = Evolution Programs. 3rd edn. Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg New York (1996)
  • Appendix: Springer-Author Discount:
    LNNS authors are entitled to a 33.3% discount off all Springer publications. Before placing an order, they should send an email to, giving full details of their Springer publication, to obtain a so-called token. This token is a number, which must be entered when placing an order via the Internet, in order to obtain the discount.
  • Checklist of Items to be Sent to Volume Editors:
    1. A final Word or RTF file
    2. A final PDF file
    3. A copyright form, signed by one author on behalf of all the authors of the paper
    4. A readme giving the first name(s) and the surname(s) of all the authors of the paper as well as the name and email address of the corresponding author